The phase 2 LYSA study of prednisone, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and bendamustine for untreated Hodgkin lymphoma in older patients

The phase 2 LYSA study of prednisone, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and bendamustine for untreated Hodgkin lymphoma in older patients

Older patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) require more effective and less toxic therapies than younger patients. In this multicenter, prospective, phase 2 study, we investigated a new firstline therapy regimen comprising 6 cycles of prednisone (40 mg/m2, days 1-5), vinblastine (6 mg/m2, day 1), doxorubicin (40 mg/m2, day 1), and bendamustine (120 mg/m2, day 1) (PVAB regimen) every 21 days for patients with newly diagnosed cHL aged ≥61 years with an advanced Ann Arbor stage. A Mini Nutritional Assessment score ≥17 was the cutoff value for patients aged ≥70 years. The primary end point was the complete metabolic response (CMR) rate after 6 cycles. The median age of the 89 included patients was 68 years (range, 61-88 years), with 35 patients (39%) aged ≥70 years.

Seventy-eight patients (88%) completed the 6 cycles. The toxicity rate was acceptable, with a 20% rate of related serious adverse events. CMR was achieved by 69 patients (77.5%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 67-86). After a median follow-up of 42 months, 31 patients progressed or relapsed (35%), and 24 died (27%) from HL (n = 11), toxicity during treatment (n = 4), secondary cancers (n = 6), or other causes (n = 3). The 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival rates were 50% and 69%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that liver involvement (P = .001), lymphopenia (P = .001), CRP (P = .0005), and comedications (P = .003) were independently associated with PFS. The PVAB regimen yielded a high CMR rate with acceptable toxicity. Over long-term follow-up, survival end points were influenced by unrelated lymphoma events.

This is a well thought out and observed study.

READ THE ARTICLE – https://ashpublications.org/blood/article/143/11/983/498770/The-phase-2-LYSA-study-of-prednisone-vinblastine

Share this post